Research Integrity and Misconduct

Ospedale San Raffaele is committed to good conduct and integrity in research and requires its scientists and staff to adhere to its Ethical Code of Conduct.

To maintain the high standards of research practice and in order to continuously achieve excellence in research, Ospedale San Raffaele expects all researchers and staff, to abide by national, European and international standards of Research Integrity. Ospedale San Raffaele will uphold the commitments outlined in The European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity.

Ospedale San Raffaele strongly condemns research misconduct as defined below and is in the process of implementing an institutional procedure on research misconduct. Meanwhile, in order to comply with U.S. Federal regulations (CFR) Ospedale San Raffaele has already in place a policy for USPHS funded research.

Research misconduct is defined as fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, or other serious deviation from commonly accepted practices in the relevant scientific community for proposing, performing or reviewing research, or in reporting research results.

  • Fabrication is making up data or results and recording or reporting them.
  • Falsification is manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record.
  • Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person’s ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit.
  • Serious deviation from accepted practices includes but is not limited to:
    • Abusing confidentiality (i.e. peer review process)
    • Stealing, destroying, or damaging the research property of others with the intent to alter the research record; and
    • Directing, encouraging, or knowingly allowing others to engage in fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism.

Research misconduct does not include honest error or differences in opinion.